The wine from Navarre
that we drink today is the result of 20 centuries of evolution. It is a well-established product which is deeply rooted in the economy, traditions and customs of this region. The story begins during Roman times when their cellars - of which there are still traces in Funes, Liédena and Arellano - were stacked with amphorae (two-handled pitchers which were commonly used by the Greeks and Romans) in which the wine was matured for the purpose of providing merriment and pleasure at palace fiestas, public religious ceremonies and private orgies. Before that time, grape-growing and winemaking were an unknown art to the Navarrese people.
In the Middle Ages, due to the massive over-proliferation of vines, a ban was imposed on any new plantations. It was not until the 19th century, with the modernisation of winemaking techniques and the growing demand for Navarre wine from the French, as a result of the plague which had devastated the vineyards
of Bordeaux, that wine from Navarre reached its golden age.
The area covered by vineyards has varied over the years. The original vineyards were found in the central zone of Navarre, moving towards the north. The Pamplona basin itself was once a vineyard. Later on, there was a reverse expansion that meant they retreated from the north and spread to the south, which is where they are mostly located now.
The ?Navarra? Designation of Origin
, over 75 years old, is the oldest of those in existence in Navarre. One of the main features that define it is the great diversity of landscapes and climates it covers. In the region an exceptional situation
arises, practically unique in the Iberian Peninsula: the convergence of Atlantic, Continental and Mediterranean climates. This means that the 17,000 hectares under the Designation of Origin are located in 5 differentiated production areas: Baja Montaña, Valdizarbe, Tierra Estella, Ribera Alta and Ribera Baja.
These soils are ideal for foreign grape varieties introduced in the 1980s such as Chardonnay and Merlot. The mixture of local varieties and the savoir faire
of enterprising winemakers has given these winesmade in
Navarre their own distinctive character.
The approval of new regulations and the incorporation of new wineries
with original ideas have led to a wide range of vines for all occasions and tastes, from the region?s well-known rosés to fruity young reds, delicious whites, great crianzas (oak aged wines) and sweet white muscatels. Basically, wines with their own personality: that of Navarre.
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