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Jauregia Palace at Irurita



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Part of the Route of Casteles and Fortresses of Navarre, the Juareguía Palace, also known as 'Jauregizuria', stands in the centre of Irurita, a village in the Pyrenean Baztan valley. It is completely built of stone and conserves a number of original windows. It is one of the numerous palacios "Cabo de armería" (noble houses with coats of arms on their façades) built in the kingdom of Navarre in the late 14th and early 15th centuries and one of the eight conserved in the valley.

A traditional palace that reproduces the atmosphere and the physionomy of the palaces with coats of arms of the Baztan valley. The first element built was the three-storey tower: the first for the animals, the second for the living quarters and the third for the defence of the territory.

A common element in the noble houses of Baztan is the coat of arms, a symbol of status that is shown on the façade. The name of the house has remained the same through the centuries, even though the owners have changed. En 1437, Jauregia was initially in the hands of Señor Pedro Periz, and since then has remained in the same family.

In the 18th century there were great social and economic changes in the valley. The palaces lost their defensive elements and were dedicated to the life of the nobility, thanks to the money from emigrants to the Americas and the positions of power held by local officials. To reflect these changes, Jauregia was extended with a small baroque palace attached.

In the interior of the palace one can see one of the sides of the tower, which was partly hidden when the adjacent building was constructed. A guided visit takes you back in time and allows you to browse through family souvenirs and furniture in the different rooms. Among the most curious items are a baroque bedroom in which "Aunt Pilar's bed" is conserved - this is not common because the beds of people who suffered long illnesses were usually burned - ; a 17th-century tribulario (chest of drawers to hold accounts) carved from box wood in the Asturias-León style; a "great-grandfather's cradle" with a rattle made from an original cowbell, and documents of great value that set out to reflect the purity of Christian and royal blood.
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