The huge diversity of landscapes and climates in our region - which over a mere 100 km changes from the summits of the Pyrenees to the semi-desert of the Bardenas Reales - means that our homes evolve dramatically from north to south.
The house of the northern regions, in the Pyrenees, emerges between green landscapes standing on its own or as part of small villages. It is equipped for the hard climate and cold winters, and its thick stone walls with small hollows have forged more introverted characters. Moving further south, the houses of the Ebro basin, with its more benign climate and more open people, are built in brick or fired clay.
Despite the differences, all these places offer a unique experience: contact with this diverse natural environment, enjoyment of the peace and tranquility, and getting to know the local culture from within.
Below are a few notes on the most typical homes in Navarre:
- Country and stone houses: under the influence of the Pyrenees, the north of Navarre is scattered with beautiful and small settlements with impressive stone country houses, sometimes standing alone (known as caseríos or baserris) or grouped around the local church or river.
The homes are large and the typical layout comprises a ground floor used as a stable for livestock and farm tools, a more sophisticated first floor which serves as a living space and a second floor built as an attic or ganbara and used for storing dried grass and corn, etc. Whitewashed or of exposed stone, this type of building is also found in a number of settlements in the uplands.
- Brick houses: sometimes combined with stone, these buildings are typical of the La Ribera area and form part of the most extensive towns. It is in this zone, near the Ebro river, where several cave houses have been preserved. These were excavated from the rock, taking advantage of inclines and cliffs, and have been renovated for tourist enjoyment.